CUENCA


CUENCA
CUENCA, city in Castile, Spain. Shortly after its reconquest in 1177, Cuenca was granted a fuero ("charter") which served as the model for other Castilian towns. This permitted Jews to settle freely and trade without restriction, but debarred them from certain offices and forbade sexual relations with Christian women, on pain of burning. Chapter XXIX in its entirety and seven scattered laws out of 983 laws of the Fuero de Cuenca deal with Jews. The Fuero establishes, in theory but not in practice, equality before the law for Christians, Jews, and Muslims. Toward the end of the 13th century the community of Cuenca numbered between 50 and 100 families, paying an average annual tax of 70,872 maravedis. The Jewish quarter was located near the cathedral. The Jews made loans to the city in 1318 and in 1326 at a high rate of interest. In 1355 there was an outbreak of anti-Jewish rioting in Cuenca led by the Christian and Muslim supporters of Queen Blanca. During the anti-Jewish riots of 1391, the leading citizens of Cuenca joined the populace in an attack on the Jewish quarter, which was completely destroyed. The community partly recovered during the 15th century. There was now also a considerable body of Conversos. A tribunal of the Inquisition began its activities in the district of Cuenca in 1489; the number of those sentenced reached into thousands. After the issue of the decree of expulsion of the Jews from Spain in March 1492, the Jews of Cuenca and Huete are said to have rioted, claiming that they had four years to leave Spain and threatening to take revenge on the Conversos. Some of the exiles from Cuenca in the Ottoman Empire adopted the name of the city as a family name. The Inquisition continued to operate in Cuenca throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. The last serious series of trials took place in the years 1718–25 when hundreds of Crypto-Jews or descendants   of Conversos were cruelly persecuted and prosecuted by the local tribunal. This campaign was part of a general inquisitorial move under Philip V. The reason for this campaign in the region of Cuenca may have been the socioeconomic position of the Conversos. The confiscations contributed much to the finances of the Inquisition in Cuenca. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; H.C. Lea, History of the Inquisition in Spain, 1 (1906), index; R. de Ureña y Smenjaud, Las ediciones del Fuero de Cuenca (1917); Huidobro and Cantera, in: Sefarad, 14 (1954), 342; Suárez Fernández, Documentos, index; S. Cirac Estopañan Registros de los Documentos del Santo Oficio de Cuenca y Sigüenza (1965). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Carrete Parrondo, in: Helmantica 30 (1979), 51–61; M.F. García Casar, in: REJ 144 (1985), 27–37; R. de Lera García, in: Sefarad 47 (1987), 87–137; R. Carrasco, in: Hispania 166 (1987), 503–59; Y. Moreno Koch, in: El Olivo 27 (1988), 47–52. (Haim Beinart / Yom Tov Assis (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Cuenca — may refer to: In Ecuador: Cuenca, Ecuador, capital of the Azuay Province and named in honor to the spanish city. Cuenca basin (hydrology), the drainage basin Cuenca basin (geology), a geologic structural basin In the Philippines: Cuenca, Batangas …   Wikipedia

  • Cuenca — • Diocese in Ecuador • Diocese in Spain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cuenca     ♦ Cuenca …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cuenca — ist der Name von: Provinz Cuenca Provinz in Spanien Cuenca (Ecuador), Stadt in Ecuador Cuenca (Batangas), Stadtgemeinde in der Provinz Batangas, Philippinen Cuenca (Spanien), Stadt in Spanien Cuenca ist der Familienname von: Isaac Cuenca (* 1991) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuenca —   [ ku̯eȖka],    1) Provinzhauptstadt in Neukastilien, Spanien, am Austritt des Río Júcar aus der Serranía de Cuenca, 44 100 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Handelsstadt mit Möbel , Leder , Seifen , Nahrungsmittelindustrie,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • cuenca — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: anatomía Cada una de las dos cavidades en que están situados los ojos: El pirata se arrancó el parche y descubrió la cuenca vacía de su ojo izquierdo. Sinónimo: órbita. 2. Área: geografía Terreno extenso a …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Cuenca — (Льорет де Мар,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: 17310 Льорет де Мар, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Cuença — Cuença, 1) Provinz in Spanien, zu Neu Castilien gehörig, grenzt an die Provinz Guadalaxara im N., Teruel u. Valencia im O., Albacete u. Ciudad Real im S., an Toledo u. Madrid im W., 5311/2 QM.; 252,700 Ew. Gebirge: Sierra de Molina im NO. u. die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cuenca [1] — Cuenca (spr. kuénka), span. Provinz in Neukastilien, grenzt im N. an die Provinz Guadalajara, im NO. an Teruel, im O. an Valencia, im S. an Albacete, im SW. an Ciudad Real, im W. an Toledo und Madrid und hat einen Flächenraum von 17,193 qkm (312… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cuenca — Originaire de la ville de Cuenca, en Espagne. Le toponyme a le même sens que le français conque …   Noms de famille

  • Cuenca [2] — Cuenca, 1) Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen span. Provinz (s. oben), liegt 902 m ü. M. auf einem steilen Felsen, am Zusammenfluß des Jucar und Huecar, über welch letztern eine 42 m hohe Brücke (San Pablo, aus dem Jahre 1523) führt, an der Eisenbahn… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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